The Opals Are Coming………

Preparations are abound for our exhibition next week. The cabinets are being dressed, the ads have been placed – all we need now are the stones! And they will be here next Tuesday 25th September and will be here all week to Saturday 29th. See our ads in SO Tunbridge Wells Magazine, and enter our competition to win a matching set of sterling silver opal set earrings and pendant – just send me your details jo@payneandson.com or fill in the form in the magazine and drop it in to us during the week of the exhibition.

Don’t forget to follow us on twitter and facebook and you can click on these links for further details:

http://payneandson.com/gallery/gallery-leisha-designs.html

http://www.payneandsonevents.co.uk/payneandsonOpalExhibition.html

http://payneandsonjewellers.co.uk/opalexhibitionbypayneandsonjewellers.html

Here are a few fascinating facts to be getting on with :

  • Opals take over 70 million years to form.
  • The first Lightning Ridge opal was found in 1887.
  • 95% of the world’s opals come from Australia.
  • Good luck is thought to be bestowed on the giver and the receiver of an opal.
  • No two opals are the same.
  • Opals were Queen Victoria’s favourite gem stone.
  • Opals are the birthstone for October.
  • Black opals are the most valuable.
  • Opals are the national gem stone of Australia.
  • There are three types of opal: black, white and boulder opals.
  • Collectible patterns include harlequin, pinfire, tiger stripe and flash pattern.
  • The value of an opal is determined by type, colour, brilliance, pattern and shape.
  • Opals consist of tightly packed silica spheres.
  • Opals contain 6-10% water and can crack or craze when subjected to harsh, dry conditions and rapid changes in temperature.
  • Solid opals can be wet or soaked in water without causing problems. Doublets and triplets cannot.
  • Opals can be polished if they lose their shine or become scratched.
  • Treat all jewellery with respect – it will last you longer.

 

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Wedding Event

This Sunday (16th September 2012) we will be exhibiting at a wedding event hosted by The Brew House Hotel. Located in Chapel Place in Royal Tunbridge Wells, The Old Schoolhouse will be host to many local exhibitors.

VENUE: THE OLD SCHOOL HOUSE, TUNBRIDGE WELLS, KENT

DATE: SUNDAY 16TH SEPTEMBER 2012

TIME: 10AM – 4PM

 THE OLD SCHOOL HOUSE WILL BE FILLED WITH INSPIRATIONAL IDEAS TO HELP SHAPE THE PERFECT WEDDING DAY.

THERE WILL BE AN ARRAY OF STALLS FEATURING LOCAL WEDDING BUSINESSES SHOWCASING THEIR SERVICES TO ALL THE BRIDES-TO-BE.

ENTRY IS FREE OF CHARGE AND EACH COUPLE WILL RECEIVE A COMPLIMENTARY GLASS OF BUBBLY.

 IF YOU WOULD LIKE TO FIND OUT MORE ABOUT THE BREW HOUSE WEDDING EXHIBITION, OR ARE A BUSINESS THINKING ABOUT EXHIBITING AT THE EVENT, PLEASE CALL MELISSA BROOKER, FUNCTIONS & EVENTS MANAGER, ON 01892 552593

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The Four “C”‘s Explained

1) Cut – This is determined by human intervention. The other factors are all born by nature. This is where the highly skilled diamond cutter will evaluate the best cut for the stone. By assessing the diamond in the rough, an experienced cutter will bring out the best in the stone. He will choose a cut and shape that will show off its natural beauty. The most popular cut is the round brilliant, a classic, chic cut that has 57 facets on every stone. The number of facets and the angles between them are worked out mathematically so that the facets act as mirrors that allow the maximum amount of light reflect and refract throughout the stone. There is a difference between “cut” and “shape”. They can be confused, but “shape” is quite literally the outline of the stone; round, square, oval etc. The cut is how the stone is fashioned/faceted. There are many different cuts; Brilliant, Asscher, Baguette, Emerald and Cushion are some of the more popular cuts. When a diamond has been cut to perfect proportions, its brilliance, scintillation, radiance and inner fire will be set alight. A badly cut stone will have little reflection and appear dark.

2) Colour – diamonds are very individual and very unique. Each stone has its own inner fire. They are graded by “Colour” by the “GIA” who developed an international scale of grading the colours of diamonds, ranging from “D”, which is colourless – pure white, all the way down the scale to “Z” which is quite yellow. “D” colour diamonds are very rare and highly desirable. “G, H and I” are very good stones. You can just make out a slight yellowish tint from about grade “K/L” onwards. Any colour beyond “Z” becomes a “Fancy” colour. These can come in any other colour, and pale champagnes should not be muddled with a poor colour white “T+” graded stone. “A’s B’s, and C’s” are not used, quite possibly reserved for if and/or when a better stone than a “D” makes an appearance……Some other organizations refer to the colour of stones by different terms, for example; CIBJO refer to a “D” stone as “Exceptional White +”, and “E” stone as “Exceptional White”, an “F” stone as “Rare White +”, “G” = “Rare White”, “H” = “White”, “I/J” = “Slightly Tinted White”, “L/K” = “Tinted White” and “Tinted Colour” would rank about “M+”. The GIA scale is probably the most commonly recognized and fairly easy to grasp.

3) Clarity – degrees of flawlessness. Graded using a 10x magnification loupe, a diamonds’ blemishes are taken into account whether inside or outside the stone. Most stones will have natural inclusions, (Nature’s Hallmarks). It is rare to find a flawless stone. The inclusions appear as little black specs, cracks and fissures. They are natural occurrences created whilst the stone was forming. Their presence in a Diamond will determine their clarity. Most of the smaller inclusions are not visible with the naked eye. Once again, the GIA have developed a scale for measuring the inclusions. They are graded as “IF” for “Internally Flawless” or “Loupe Clean” according to CIBJO, “V V S 1” and “V V S 2” for “Very, Very Slightly included, “V S” for “Very Slightly” included, “SI” for “Slightly Included”, and “I 1/2/3” for “Imperfections”, or “Pique” which are visible to the naked eye.

4) Carat – a “carat” weighs 0.2 grams. All stones are weighed before setting for an accurate measurement. A stone is measured in points where one carat equals 100 points. If the total weight of the stone is 50 points then the stone is ½ a carat, or can be shown as 0.50. To weigh a stone in a ring, perhaps for valuation purposes, it must be removed from the setting for an accurate measurement. The weight can also be “Estimated” if measured, there are complex calculations that can be done to do this, but a single carat may be in the region of 6.5mm in diameter. Carat does not necessarily denote the size of the stone, a shallow 50 pointer will appear larger than a deeper stone as it has a larger visible surface area.

5). The hidden 5th C is the Certification. If a stone is over ½ a carat, it may well have a certificate displaying all the weights and measurement of the stone, including the colour, clarity, cut and carat weight. There can be much other information to be gleaned from a certificate, too. The GIA laser inscribe diamonds with a registration number, this in inscribed on the girdle of the stone and appears on the certificate. There will also be information about the clarity characteristics, the finish, the polish, the fluorescence, symmetry and actual stone proportions.